What Is Web Hosting? Understanding, How it Works & the Type

May 18, 2019
What Is Web Hosting? Understanding, How it Works & the Type

Understanding Web Hosting

In this article we will discuss fully the definition of web hosting, web hosting is a computer that is connected to the internet & is used to store website data so that it can be accessed online.

Here is the explanation...

Have you ever thought about how a website can display information? Where is all the information stored so that it can then be displayed?

All information is stored in a place called a web hosting server.

In order to continue to connect to the internet and be accessible to everyone, a web hosting server is managed in a data storage space called a data center.
Actually you can also make a PC in your home as a data storage server. However, this method is considered very troublesome especially in management matters, so not many people do it. Most website owners use unlimited hosting providers that are widely available on the internet.

The term web hosting itself refers to the activity set or information storage service of a website until it can finally be displayed when you access.

Not infrequently, the term web hosting is actually used to refer to the company's web hosting service provider in general.

How Does Web Hosting Work?

When you access a website (either using an IP address or domain name) through a browser that uses the HTTP network protocol, the internet will send an access request to the hosting server. Furthermore, the server will send the requested file information to the computer via the internet which is then translated by the web browser in the form of text and images.

When you want to access a website, then you need to type the website address in the browser you are using.

Then, the command from the browser will be forwarded to the internet hosting server to be executed on request. The result of this activity is the display of the image & information of the website you want to access, which will be forwarded by the internet so that it can appear on your browser. So that you get the website page that you need, that's how web hosting works.

Types of Hosting Services

After knowing how web hosting works, you need to know the types of services There are various types of hosting available which use to adjust your website file storage requirements, namely:

1. Shared Hosting

Shared hosting is a hosting service where a server is used together by many users at once. Users of shared hosting services share server resources & capacity together.

Users have limited access rights to the server and the server settings are determined by the server manager.

Shared Hosting is like renting a house with your friends.

Each has its own room, but the kitchen and bathroom are shared. So if for example someone uses the bathroom or kitchen for too long, it can potentially interfere with your other friends' activities.

Positive using shared hosting:

  • In terms of costs, renting shared hosting is quite economic and economical compared to renting a VPS or Dedicated Server.
  • For beginners using shared hosting makes it easy, because you don't need to be bothered with setting up your own server.
  • In terms of support, hosting services usually provide support that is ready to help you for 24 hours.
  • If there are problems with your server you don't need to intervene yourself, the server provider will fix the problem.

Negative using shared hosting:

  • Because it is used together, if one user causes overload or interference on the server then the other user has the potential to be affected.
  • Shared hosting users have very limited access to the server and can only access and manage their own files.
  • All limit settings / limits have been determined by the server manager, Violation of the provisions of the server manager can result in detention until the removal of the hosting account.

Shared Hosting is suitable for those of you who are just starting to make a website but the usage of the hosting is not too high.

2. VPS Hosting/VPS Server

VPS Hosting / VPS Server is a physical hosting server that is divided back into a virtual server and functioned as a separate hosting server.

Users have root access to their respective VPS servers and have full authority to set up their VPS servers. To manage a VPS server, you need basic knowledge about the server.

Positive using VPS

  • In terms of price, VPS is still far more affordable than Dedicated Servers.
  • You can free to customize your VPS server.
  • In managed VPS types, there is a support team that will help you 24 hours.
  • Have VPS server root access.
  • Scalable, you can reduce or increase resources without having to experience downtime.
Negative using VPS
  • Basic knowledge of servers and operating systems is needed.
  • Costs incurred are higher than shared hosting.
  • Must install the control panel yourself.

VPS hosting is suitable for hosting users whose use of hosting resources cannot be accommodated with ordinary shared hosting or requires a certain module module that on shared hosting services is usually not available / disabled.

Dedicated Server & Colocation Server

Dedicated servers and Colocation Servers are actually the same server, the difference is that the hardware component of the Dedicated Server rents the datacenter, while the Colocation server, physical server and all components are purchased by themselves, from hardware, software, firewalls to other components and placed in the data center for managed & treated. Users have a root access server and have full authority to manage the server. To manage Dedicated and Server Colocation, you also need knowledge about the server.

Like Shared hosting and VPS Hosting, Dedicated Servers also have advantages and disadvantages, including ...

Positive Dedicated/Colocation Server

  • 1 Physical server that is only used for you.
  • have root server access.
  • You are applying your own rules.
  • Full control to improve server specifications by yourself.
  • A great resource for yourself.

Negative Dedicated/Colocation Server

  • Basic knowledge of servers and operating systems is needed.
  • Costs incurred are higher than shared hosting.
  • Must install the control panel yourself.
  • If upgrading / downgrade will experience downtime because the server must be turned off.

Dedicated / Colocation servers are suitable for large companies that require large resources and have high website traffic, certain modules that are not found in shared hosting services and high data security.

Specifications You Need To Pay Attention When Choosing A Web Hosting Service

Based on our experience, many people don't understand the technical specifications that will affect the performance of the website, and in many cases are also confused by the many technical specifications displayed on the hosting package. But simply there are some basic specifications that you can use to make decisions.

Here are some specifications that you can consider when choosing a web hosting service

  • Disk Space
  • Bandwidth
  • Webmail
  • Cpanel
  • Quality Data Center

Let's look at the explanation above

1. Disk Space

Disk space is the amount of hard disk storage capacity on a server that you can use. The more data stored on the server, the greater the use of diskspace. Choose a hosting package that has diskspace that is able to accommodate all the contents of website files, including updating your website content in the future.

2. Bandwidth

Bandwidth is the amount of data transfer that occurs between the hosting server and the accessing computer. The more users, the greater your bandwidth usage. The maximum bandwidth usage limit will be reset from 0 back every month. When you choose hosting, make sure your monthly bandwidth is able to cover the average monthly number of visitors.


Webmail is an email management feature on the hosting server that serves to manage incoming & outgoing e-mails and store e-mail data that you have.

With this feature you can send messages using e-mail with the end of your domain name for example: mail@yourdomain.com) without having to depend on e-mail service providers such as gmail, yahoomail & the like.


Cpanel is a hosting server control panel that functions to manage and manage features on the hosting server with a GUI (Graphical User Interface) display that displays images, icons and writing.

With this control panel, novice hosting users can easily manage their website files.

Basically there are many Cpanel provider services, you can learn the comparison of the types of cpanel HERE.

Cpanel is the most widely used by many users, both personal users and hosting services, namely Cpanel & Plesk

5. Quality Data Center

The data center is the location of storage hosting servers equipped with infrastructure that serves to keep the server from interference, such as sufficiently cooled rooms, backup of electricity reserves and security from crime and natural disasters.

The data center itself is divided into several levels called Tier and has differences in supporting infrastructure.

Make sure you first consult the CS web hosting concerned in order to get the right choice of hosting package.

Thank you for visiting From the explanation above, at least at this time you already have an idea of what web hosting is, how the website works, what hosting examples you need until the control panel is right for you.

So when you choose hosting you can determine the most effective and economical choice for your website needs.